Variety of Cornices – Facades of Tenement Houses in Lublin

Cornice – from Italian cornice meaning “shelf”

Cornice is an architectural term for a decorative element that crowns the whole building, window or door jamb. It comes from Italian in which it means ‘shelf’. Its main function is to protect the facade of the building from rainwater. For that reason, the cornice had a form of a sloping slab, which allowed the water to flow. In addition it plays a decorative role. By emphasising window openings and storeys, the cornice endows the facade with a rhythm. The decorating of cornices takes different forms from the simple to the very rich. Continue reading Variety of Cornices – Facades of Tenement Houses in Lublin

Keystones

Keystone is an important architectural detail. The term originates from the history of architecture. It is one of voussoirs within the arcade or arch. It is situated in the highest point of coping or arch. It is usually slightly larger in size than other stones or bricks. It was frequently decorated. The term key is more often used when referring to the arch. The term keystone, in turn, while referring to the coping. Continue reading Keystones

House Number Signs

According to the current law in the Republic of Poland, each property owner is obliged to designate the property using a sign with the house number. The sign should also contain the street or square name next to which the house is located. The sign should be placed on the front elevation of the building. If the building is located in the depths of the plot, the sign should be placed conspicuously on the fence. Continue reading House Number Signs

Pulpits in Churches

The pulpit in the church building serves the priest to read the liturgical texts. The pulpit took different architectural forms: from the stands supported on columns (5th – 6th century) to structures raised on the wall or pillar with the entrance up the stairs. The second most common type of pulpits preserved, developed in the sixteenth century, is composed of the body – the rostrum – and the sill – the desktop, pulpit’s backboard and canopy. Canopies palate is usually decorated by doves while the canopy is topped with a figure. The covering panel – the color of the day – gives the pulpit liturgical character of the place. In previous eras the pulpit was often richly decorated, and the Baroque period took on sophisticated forms, for example that of a boat. In some churches there were two or three pulpits, used for discourse. In Poland there are two pulpits in the Basilica of St Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr in Lublin. Continue reading Pulpits in Churches

Jewish Architecture in Lublin

The history of Jews in Lublin begins in the Middle Ages – when the city was experiencing a  great development. In about 14th century the Jewish Community in Lublin emerged. At that time Jews were not allowed to live inside the city walls but had to search for other locations beyond them. Because of that, there is not much of the medieval-Jewish architecture left in Lublin. Especially because of the fact that expensive (but more permanent) building techniques had not been available to Jews – as that group was very poor. Continue reading Jewish Architecture in Lublin

Lublin’s Post-industrial Architecture

Lublin is a highly inspiring, rapidly growing city with centuries long history. Situated on the corner of trails and borders, it has always attracted people of various faiths and nationalities. Lublin’s architecture has many historic buildings. Post-industrial buildings are the largest part of them. Nowadays, their presence is an important and inseparable component of city’s landscape. Continue reading Lublin’s Post-industrial Architecture

Modernistic Residential Apartament Blocks in Lublin

The second world war left huge scars across Poland. What could be easily observed in those times was a huge wave of villagers coming to bigger cities with high hopes for better future and living conditions. Unfortunately years of disastrous war resulted in major housing shortage. The solution that came with communism was an idea of building vast districts of modernist blocks of flats available for families in Poland. This kind of housing offered minimal conditions for good living in open spaces filled with greenery. Continue reading Modernistic Residential Apartament Blocks in Lublin