The pulpit in the church building serves the priest to read the liturgical texts. The pulpit took different architectural forms: from the stands supported on columns (5th – 6th century) to structures raised on the wall or pillar with the entrance up the stairs. The second most common type of pulpits preserved, developed in the sixteenth century, is composed of the body – the rostrum – and the sill – the desktop, pulpit’s backboard and canopy. Canopies palate is usually decorated by doves while the canopy is topped with a figure. The covering panel – the color of the day – gives the pulpit liturgical character of the place. In previous eras the pulpit was often richly decorated, and the Baroque period took on sophisticated forms, for example that of a boat. In some churches there were two or three pulpits, used for discourse. In Poland there are two pulpits in the Basilica of St Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr in Lublin. Continue reading Pulpits in churches
The history of Jews in Lublin begins in the Middle Ages – when the city was experiencing a great development. In about 14th century the Jewish Community in Lublin emerged. At that time Jews were not allowed to live inside the city walls but had to search for other locations beyond them. Because of that, there is not much of the medieval-Jewish architecture left in Lublin. Especially because of the fact that expensive (but more permanent) building techniques had not been available to Jews – as that group was very poor. Continue reading Jewish architecture in Lublin
WHAT ARE GLAZED FAÇADES USED FOR?
Usually glass façades are used in commercial buildings. This is due to the fact that a glazed façade automatically becomes a kind of display window. Another important aspect is the illumination of the interior. Thanks to the large glazing, the interior of the building is filled with daylight. Continue reading Glazed FAÇADES in Lublin
Lublin is a highly inspiring, rapidly growing city with centuries long history. Situated on the corner of trails and borders, it has always attracted people of various faiths and nationalities. Lublin’s architecture has many historic buildings. Post-industrial buildings are the largest part of them. Nowadays, their presence is an important and inseparable component of city’s landscape. Continue reading Lublin’s post-industrial architecture
The second world war left huge scars across Poland. What could be easily observed in those times was a huge wave of villagers coming to bigger cities with high hopes for better future and living conditions. Unfortunately years of disastrous war resulted in major housing shortage. The solution that came with communism was an idea of building vast districts of modernist blocks of flats available for families in Poland. This kind of housing offered minimal conditions for good living in open spaces filled with greenery. Continue reading Modernistic Residential Apartament Blocks in Lublin
A console, also known as a corbel, is a decorative piece of stone, wood, metal or plaster whose function is to carry or support an overhanging structure. Continue reading Consoles in Lublin architecture
A vault is a building structure made of natural or artificial stone or bricks (less often with other materials), with a curved section, used for covering a determined area of the building.
A dome is a closed vault with a vertical axis, raised over the space on a central plan (circular, square, or polygonal). Continue reading Vaults and Domes in Lublin architecture
Sgraffito is a technique of wall decorating, based on a specific use of plaster. Several plaster layers (usually two) of different and highly contrasting colours are applied on a wall. While still being wet, parts of the upper sheets are scratched with sharp tools. The lower parts present different colour shades. In this process the painting appears as a colourful and impressive composition. Subjects of decoration are mostly ornamental and geometrical shapes. Continue reading Sgraffito in Lublin
Sacred architecture is the witness of our past. Religious items have been present from the beginning of humanity. The compelling need to practice one’s religion, being part of community, resulted in the erection of multiple temples. Religious buildings are a faithful reflection of beliefs and social changes over the centuries. This makes them an important source of information for future generations. Continue reading Sacred Architecture in Lublin
WHAT IS A PILASTER ?
It is a rectangular support that resembles a flat column. It has a base, a shaft, and a capital. A pilaster projects only slightly from the wall. Greek Revival homes often have pilasters. Continue reading Pilasters in Lublin